What are Steroids & How They Work?

Steroids are also referred to as corticosteroids or cortisone. They are chemical hormones that appear in the body of a human being naturally. Steroids reduce body inflammation, suppress the immune system, preventing the production of DNA and stop histamine from being released by the body.

Manmade steroids are similar to natural hormones. The kind of steroids that are commonly used in the hospitals are known as corticosteroids. They differ greatly with anabolic steroids which some body builders and athletes use.

Anabolic steroids also have side effects, but its effects are quite different from other kinds of steroids. Steroids come as soluble tablets, solutions, inhalers, ointments, creams, tablets as well as injections.

On the other hand, oral steroids are usually taken by mouth- solutions, soluble tablets and tablets. Some of the most common steroids around the world include deflaxacort, betamethasone, hydrocortisone, dexamethasone, prednisolone, methylpredsolone, fludrocortisone as well as prednisolone.

This steroids come from various brands with different names. The most commonly used steroid out of these is Prednisolone. It is an oral steroid

This articles discusses how steroids work.

What do steroids do?

This type of steroid is also known as anabolic androgenic steroids. They are an extract of testosterone, which is a hormone that makers a person a man.

There are two deferent types of effects that are caused by testosterone presence in the body. One is deepening of voice and the other one is development of the male genitals, growth of facial hair and other pubic hairs. There is also anabolic effect with increases muscle mass and bone.

While all steroids come with anabolic and androgenic effects, certain types of manmade steroids have been made with less androgenic effects.

The main function of anabolic steroids is to help the muscle cells of the body to produce more protein as long as the person does exercises, it causes an increase in size and length of the muscle simultaneously, and it also lets the body produce make more ATP. ATP is important to the body because it fuels the body muscles.

  • Oral versus injectable

Steroids can be taken through injection or orally. When induced through injection, it is normally administered on the upper out part of the buttocks. However, some athletes have been injecting specific parts of their bodies in the hope that the muscles will increase in strength and size in that region.

Sadly, the technique doesn’t work and in fact it can lead to serious damage to that particular part of the body.

  • Cycling and stacking

Cycling means the use of steroids only for a given period such as 6 weeks on, 3 weeks off and then another 6 weeks on.

On the other hand, stacking means the use of more than one type of steroids at the same time. Many of those who do this take both injectable and oral steroids with the hope of experiencing side effects faster and stronger.

Development of steroids

In the early 1930’s scientists isolated and characterized steroids, and during the Second World War, it said that the Germans gave their army steroids to enhance aggressiveness.